Wednesday, February 15, 2006

Relações China-Myanmar

O general Soe Win, primeiro-ministro de Myanmar está em Pequim para uma visita oficial de quatro dias.
Nos encontros que vai manter com as autoridade chinesas, o chefe do governo da Junta Miliar vai assinar acordos de cooeração de estreitamento das relações económicas entre os dos países. No primerio dia da visita, o porta-voz do ministério dos negócios estrangeiros da China disse que é importante fortalecer os laços de amizade enter Pequim e Rangoon. Com a pressão internacional sobre o regime Myanmar, o governo militar esta cada vez mais dependente de países vizinhos em especial da China.
No entanto,

''China has a critical role to play in any effort to bring reform and democracy to Myanmar,'' Razali Ismail, the Malaysian diplomat who has recently resigned as the UN secretary-general's special UN envoy after being denied access to the country for almost two years, recently reflected. ''I should have spent more time trying to convince Beijing that it was in their interests to be more pro-active with Rangoon,'' he said.
But Beijing is not convinced it has any real influence with the Burmese generals, according to Southeast Asian diplomats who have discussed the issue with senior Chinese officials in the past few months. There is no doubt that China lost one of its main allies in Burma when Gen Khin Nyunt and his supporters were arrested and purged at the end of 2004. At the time China had dubbed him Burma's Deng Xiaoping. Since his fall China has tried unsuccessfully to find another ally within the regime.
''Their greatest fear now is that Burma's second in command, General Maung Aye, who is seen as pro-India, may gain in influence,'' said an Asian diplomat in Rangoon. ''Any suggestion that he may take over from the country's main ruler, General Than Shwe, sends them into an apoplectic spin.'' So strategic priorities, including countering possible Indian influence in Burma, and economic benefits may count for more in Beijing than longer-term concerns about the country's potential instability.
No Bangkok Post

No comments: